This week, we present a letter of the Rebbe in which he answers to one who questions the advisability of the Tzivos Hashem children’s organization, which is founded on the idea of the military and glorification of arms and wars. Is this a suitable way of educating our children, especially as Torah promotes peace and was given to bring peace to the world? The letter, written originally in English, is from the archives of the Rebbe’s trusted secretary Rabbi Nissan Mindel.
By the Grace of G-d
Beile Harbor. N, Y. 11694
Greeting and Blessing;
This is my ﬁrst opportunity to acknowledge receipt of your letter. In it, after kindlv paying tribute to the
work of the Lubavitch movement, you express your reservations about the “Tzivos HaShem” Campaign,
on the ground that it is based “on the gloriﬁcation of the military and an aggrandizement of arms, wars
A letter is hardly the proper medium to explain fully the reasons that impelled us to introduce the
establishment of the Tzivos HaShem organization, the purpose of which is to bring young Jewish children
closer to Torah and mitzvos, as I am glad to note you fully recognize. Needless to say, it was done only
after due deliberation, which I can only brieﬂy outline in this letter.
To begin with, “Tzivos Hashem” – as you surely know — is not a “foreign” idea. It is ﬁrst mentioned in the
Torah in reference to “G-d’s Hosts” who were liberated from Egyptian bondage. The term is clearly not
used in the strict military sense. Rather it indicates that the Hosts who had been enslaved to Pharaoh to
serve him, were now G-d’s Hosts, free to serve G-d, and G-d alone.
Of course, the Torah does not glorify militarism, war, and the like. On the contrary, “Its ways are ways of
pleasantness and all its paths are pace.” And, as our Sages declare, “the Torah was given to bring peace
into the world,” and “there is no greater Divine blessing than peace,” and much more in this vein.
Parenthetically, with all the emphasis on pacifism, the Torah (from the root Hora’ah) also provides
guidance in situations where military action is necessary, and prescribes the laws of we rfare, as you are
of course, aware. To be sure, Rabbi Akiva’s fame rests on his spiritual contribution; hut there was a time
when he found it necessary to be Bar Kochba’s “arms-bearer,” as the Rambam notes in his Code (HiI.
When the “Tzivos Hashem” was instituted recently, careful consideration was given to using a minimum
of military trappings, and only such as would be consistent with the spirit of the Torah. For example,
“spying missions”, which you mention in your letter as one of your objections, was categorically
excluded. Furthermore, the whole Campaign is limited to children of pre-Bar Mitzvah and pre-Bat
Mitzvah age. The idea is that reaching that age they become full—ﬂedged Jews, and by then they will
have had the beneﬁt of the experience, and will realize that it had served its purpose for them.
The question is: Since the term “Tzivos HaShem” would seem to some people to smack of “militarism,”
what were the overriding reasons that outweighed such reservations as you expressed in your letter?
Could not the same results be achieved through other means or other methods?
This brings us to the core of the problem.
As an educator, you know that children need motivation, hut that is only one aspect of the problem. The
most important aspect, in my opinion, in this day and age, is the lack of Kabolas OI, not only of o!
Malchus Shomayim, but also general insubmission to authority, including the authority of parents at
home and of teachers in school, and the authority of law and order in the street. There remains only the
fear of punishment as a deterrent, but that fear has been reduced to a minimum because there has in
recent years been what amounts to a breakdown of law enforcement, for reasons which need not be
On the other hand, American children have been brought up on the spirit of independence and
freedom, and on the gloriﬁcation of personal prowess and smartness. It has cultivated a sense of
cockiness and self—assurance to the extent that one who is bent on mischief or anti—social activity, feels
that one can outsmart a cop on the beat, and even a judge on the bench; and, in any event, there is little
to fear in the way of punishment.
As with every health problem, physical, mental or spiritual, the cure lies not in treating the sym ptoms,
but in attacking the cause, although the former may sometimes be necessary for relief in acute cases.
Since, as mentioned, the root of the problem is the, lack of Kabolas 0/, I thought long and hard about
ﬁnding a way of inducing an American boy to get used to the idea of subordination to a higher authority,
despite all the inﬂ uence to the contrary – in the school, in the street, and even at home, where parents-
not wishing to be bothered by their children – have all too often abdicated their authority, and left it to
others to deal with truancy, juvenile delinquency, etc.
I came to the conclusion that there was no other way than trying to effect a basic change in the boy’s
nature, through a system of discipline and obedience to rules which he can be induced to get
accustomed to. Moreover, for this method to be effective, it would be necessary that it should be freely
and readily accepted, without coercion.
The idea itself is, of course, not a novel one. It has already been emphasized by the Rambam in the
Introduction to his Commentary on Mishnayot, where he points out that although ideally good things
should he done for their own sake (Iishmoh), it is necessary to use inducements with young children
until they are old enough to know better
Thus, a “pilot” Tzivos HaShem was instituted. lt immediately proved great success in getting the children
to do good things in keeping with the motto V’ohavto L’Reacho Komocho, coupled with love and
obedience to the “Commander-in-Chief’ of Tzivos HaShem, namely HaShem Elokei Tz’vo’os.
The Tzivos HaShem Campaign has a further reward, though not widely applicable to Jewish children
attending Hebrew schools. This, too, has already been alluded to by our Sages, in their customary
succinct way, by saying that a person born with a violent nature should become a (bloodletting)
physician, or a shochet, or a mohel – in order to give a positive outlet to their strong natural propensity
(T. B. Shabbos 1563.), Thus, children that might be inclined to aggressiveness and hence easy candidates
for street gangs, and the like, would have a positive outlet by diverting their energy in the right
This brings us to the point that although the ideal of peace is so prominent in the Torah, as mentioned,
the fact is that G~d designed and created the world in a way that leaves man subject to an almost
consta nt inner strife, having to wage relentless battle with the Yetzer Hora. Indeed, the Zohor points out
that the Hebrew term for bread-Iechem— is derived from the same root that denotes “war,”
symbolizing the concept of the continuous struggle between the base and sublime natures in man,
whether he eats his bread as a glutton, in a way an animal eats its food, or on a higher level – to keep the
body healthy in order to be able to do what is good and right in accordance with the Will of the Creator.
This is the only kind of “battle“ the Tzivos HaShem are called upon to wage. By the same token, the only
“secret weapon” they are encouraged to use is strict Shabbos observance and other mitzvos which have
been the secrets of Jewish strength throughout the age.
Our experience with Tzivos HaShem — wherever the ideas has been implemented, in the U. S. A. and
Canada, Eretz Yisroel, and in many parts of the world – has completely convinced us of its most
successful positive results, with no negative side-effects whatever, I can only hope that it would be
adopted in other sectors, outside of Lubavitch, in growing numbers.
I trust that the above lines will not only put to rest all your apprehensions concerning Tzivos Hahem, but
will also place you in the company of the many prominent educators and spiritual leaders who have
enthusiastically acclaimed the Tzivos HaShem operation as uniquely successful in attaining its desirable
With esteem and blessing,